Texas History Forum

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(Note: all inquiries are arranged in the order received -- most recent first)

Sun, 28 Dec 1997 [Subject: Baylor's Texas Cavalry]
My great-great grandfather's grave marker bears the inscription D. G. Boone, Co. G, Baylor's Texas Cavalry, C.S.A. I would appreciate any info regarding Baylor's Texas Cavalry. Thanks. --Kerry Weikel, Houston, TX (weikelrk@orbitworld.net)

Tue, 16 Dec 1997 [Subject: Importance of San Jacinto]
When I was younger, I believe I read that the battle of San Jacinto was one of the 10 most significant battles ever fought. Is there any basis to this? --Steven Johnson, Spring, TX (johnskns@swbell.net)
.....The Battle of San Jacinto marked the turning point in a series of events that would dramatically affect the geographic sovereignty of North America. A panel at the base of the San Jacinto monument near Houston perhaps states it best: "Measured by its results, San Jacinto was one of the decisive battles of the world. The freedom of Texas from Mexico won here led to annexation and to the Mexican War, resulting in the acquisition by the United States of the States of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, California, Utah, and parts of Colorado, Wyoming, Kansas and Oklahoma. Almost on-third of the present area of the American nation, nearly a million square miles of territory, changed sovereignty." --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Sat, 6 Dec 1997 [Subject: Weslaco, Texas]
I believe that the town of Weslaco was named after the W. E. Stewart Land Co. Where can I locate information about this Land Company in the early 1920's. --William Nicholson, Surrey, B.C., Canada (wnich@bc.sympatico.ca)

Sun, 16 Nov 1997 [Subject: Early Texas Cattle Drives]
I'm researching my ggg-grandfathers alledged connection to a cattle drive that originated in Texas in 1829 and traveled east into Alabama. Was there ever such a cattle drive moving east from Texas? Where can I find info on cattle drives from that period of time? --Bob Page, Converse, TX (bvpages@aol.com)
.....There are records of cattle drives in the early 1830's from the coastal plains of Texas and the Atascosito District (centering on present-day Liberty, Texas) to New Orleans, ports on the Red River, and Natchez, Mississippi. It does not seem improbable that your ancestor might have participated in an 1829 drive that went as far east as Alabama if he lived in that part of Texas, but it might be difficult to find a record of that drive. There is information on these early drives in Terry Jordan, Trails to Texas: Southern Routes of Western Cattle Ranching (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1981, pp. 71-72). --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Thu, 13 Nov 97 [Subject: Texas Navy]
I am doing research on the first Texas Navy, 1835-1837. I have already exhausted the Texas State Archives, Rosenberg Library, DRT Library @ Alamo and own all printed books and several unpublished manuscripts on the subject. Is there anyone in the outer regions of Texas that might have any family papers, info, etc? This is for the National Underwater Marine Agency (search on Clive Cussler) which is still searching for the Invincible, which went down off the bar in Galveston while doing battle with two Mexican warships. --Gary E. McKee, La Grange, TX (collimar@fais.net)

Sat, 18 Oct 1997 [Scott Joplin birthplace]
Researching actual birthplace for Scott Joplin. Lone Star Junction biography lists Joplin as being born near Linden, Texas. World Book Encyclopedia lists birthplace as Texarkana, Texas. Need help in locating exact place of birth for City Officials in Linden, Texas. Also would like to know if there are relatives or decendents remaining in Texas/Louisiana area? --Tom McClurg, 402 East Emory, Marshall, TX 75670. (903-935-3296 or mcclurg@prysm.net)
.....Joplin's exact birthplace is not currently known. Several authoritative sources, including the New Handbook of Texas, show the probable birthplace as Caves Springs, near Linden, in northeast Texas. The family moved to Texarkana about 1875. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Mon, 6 Oct 1997 [Subject: Early Texas Furniture]
Looking for collections of any furniture manufactured in Texas and for information on craftsmen who created fair amounts of furniture in Texas in 19th & early 20th Century. My concern is to document what exists! --Darryl Patrick, Huntsville, TX (art_dlp@shsu.edu)

Mon, 29 Sep 1997 [Subject: Brownsville Guards]
I would appreciate information on posse which operated during 1850s in Cameron County known as "Brownsville Guards", and also on the Karpeles brothers of Brownsville, one of whom (Leopold) served in the Union Army during the Civil War. His brother Emil served in the Confederate Army, unit unknown. --Dr. Frances A. Bock, E. Williston, NY (franbock @aol.com)

Thu, 14 Aug 1997 [Subject: Buffalo Soldiers]
Help! My daughter is a 6th grade teacher trying to locate info on the Buffalo Soldiers. She has an article that was printed in Texas Highways Magazine, but would like other sources also. Thanks. --Kathy Faul, Angleton, Texas 77515 (justin@computron.net)
.....The most comprehensive book on the buffalo soldiers in the West is William H. Leckie's The Buffalo Soldiers; A Narrative of the Negro Cavalry in the West (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1967). It is a little advanced for most sixth graders but it would give your daughter a good background on the subject. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Mon, 14 Jul 1997 [Subject: Saint John Colony, TX]
I am currently researching the all African-American community of Saint John Colony, TX. It is said to have been initially called Winn Colony after a Rev. Winn who established it about 1870. It is still in existence today. I would like to know where I might go to get a history of the place or at least more information. --Vanessa Schatz; Tustin, CA (Bfly3@aol.com)
.....There is a Saint Johns Colony in Caldwell County about 10 miles NE of Lockhart, the county seat. I have no other information on it, but I'm sure someone in Caldwell County does. --Charles M. Yates, Ausitn, Texas (cmyates@ix.netcom.com)

Sat, 7 Jun 1997 [Subject: History of Barbed Wire in Texas]
I am a student at Mary Hardin Baylor in Belton, Texas. I am working on my degree in elementary education, history minor. My project for a Texas History course is to give a history of barbed wire in Texas in 10 minutes or less. My assigned source is an article written in 1957, but I would like to tell my professor something that he does not already know. I would appreciate any input. Thank you. --Deborah A. Trahan, Belton, Texas (trahand@vvm.com)
.....Take a look at The Wire That Fenced The West by Henry D. and Frances McCallum, published by the University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK, 1965, Lib. of Congress CC No. 65-11234. --Charles Crabtree, Casa Rio Brazos (Hood County, Texas)
.....You probably already know this, but Barbed wire was first introduced in Texas by Mifflin Kenedy in the present Kenedy County, when he decided to fence his ranch, the La Parra. Kenedy's Partner, Richard King owner of the King Ranch, wished to fence in his ranch also but refused to use barbed wire, thinking it may damage his horses. He used smooth wire instead, run through holes drilled in each fence post. You will find this story in the two volume book entitled the King Ranch by Tom Lea. Good Luck on your report. --Burney Parker, Brenham, Texas (burneyparker@bluebon.net)

Sat, 31 May 1997 [Subject: First Black Texans West of Colorado River]
The first Black Texans west of the Colorado River appear to be James Kerr's slaves Jack, Shade and Anise who accompanied him and daughter to Kerr Creek near Gonzales in 1825 and probably removed with him to Old Station on the Lavaca after the settlement was abandoned due to Indian attack. Am interested in their fate and descendants. --Wallace L. McKeehan, Bellaire, TX 77401 (wlmckeehan@worldnet.att.com)

Fri, 30 May 1997 [Subject: Texas Crafts]
My mother left me a chair-in-a-bottle, made in Nacogdoches, TX, May, 1934 by E. B. Wise. This information in penciled onto the chair itself, which is inside the bottle. The chair is a typical East Texas straight back chair, with the seat of the chair being made of woven string. The bottle appears to be an old medicine bottle, 8" high, 2.75" square, with a stopper in the top. This one bottle/chair is too well made and unique to be the only one made by Mr. Wise. Would like to hear from someone who has knowledge of Mr. Wise and his unique craft. --J. Pat Smith, Denham Springs, LA (jpatcats@aol.com)

Wed, 28 May 1997 [Subject: Dead Men's Hole]
I'd like to learn more about the Civil War incident where Captain Duff and his Partisan Rangers captured four Kerr County residents, Sebird Henderson, Gus Tegener, Frank Scott, and Hiram Nelson, took them to Spring Branch near Harper in Gillespie County, hung them, then threw their bodies into the creek in what is now called "Dead Men's Hole." What was the actual date of the incident? Is the gravesite marked, or has it been obliterated by the passage of time? --Nathan Sebird Henderson, Jr., Fresno, CA (hhen@ix.netcom.com)
.....After to some "digging around," Lone Star Junction's History Advisor Lonn Taylor found that the hanging probably occurred between July 20 and August 10, 1862. The four men you mention are buried in nearby Spring Creek Cemetery. Because of the length of Taylor's detailed response, it is provided on a separate web page.
.....Further on the subject of Captain Duff and the Battle of the Nueces: an article titled "Historical Friction" by Helen Thorpe appeared in the October 1997 issue of Texas Monthly, about a presentation given in Fredericksburg in March of '97 by Paul Burrier titled "Nueces Encounter 1862: Battle or Massacre." Burrier is working on a book on the subject. The article gave lots of historical detail on Duff and the Nueces episode, included a photo of the Comfort Monument, and indicated that the subject matter remains emotionally charged and controversial today, especially in Comfort. --Steven Saylor, Berkeley, CA (saylor@wenet.net)

Fri, 23 May 1997 [Subject: Designer of Texas Flag]
Who was responsible for the design of the first Texas flag. I know there were several but I have heard that the first Texas flag or maybe the present day Texas flag was designed by a woman. If so what was her name? --Craig Byrd, Lubbock, Texas (bigbird@HUB.ofthe.NET)
.....The first official flag of the Republic of Texas (used from 12/10/1836 until 1/24/1839) was proposed by David G. Burnet, but its designer is unknown. It was replaced by the familiar Lone Star Flag on January 24, 1839--based on legislation introduced by William Wharton. The designer of this flag, also, is unclear. There were many "Texas Flags" used during the Texas Revolution that preceded these. Probably the majority of the earlier flags (such as Joanna Troutman's "Flag of the Georgia Battalion" and Sarah Dodson's "Dodson Flag") were designed and made by women. For further background, see Flags of the Texas Revolution, as well as the History Forum entry of 2 May 1997. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Thu, 22 May 1997 [Subject: Government of Texas Promissory Notes]
I'm trying to find information on promissory notes from the Government of Texas dated 1838-41. We have had these notes in our family for over sixty years. Thank you. --Leslee Hughes, Queensland, Australia (hughesls@cyberalink.com.au)
.....We've just "beefed-up" our article, Money of the Republic of Texas, which hopefully will answer some of your questions. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Mon, 19 May 1997 [Subject: Annadale Cattle Company]
I am looking for information about the Annadale Cattle Company in Sabinal, Texas. Someone has found a law enforecement type badge that is inscribed "Special Ranger Annadale Cattle Company Sabinal, Texas." Any information would be appreciated. Thanks. --Virginia Davis, Will C. Miller Memorial Library, Southwest Texas Junior College, Uvalde, Texas (virginia.davis@swtjc.cc.tx.us)

Sun, 18 May 1997 [Subject: Mier Expedition Members]
I found a paper written by my grandmother which states that her grandfather fought against Mexico and was saved by a "white bean." Does this mean he was a member of the Mier expedition? If so, how would I confirm that? My gg-grandfather's name was Elias S. VanSickle. I know that he was in Captain Costley's company of Texas Rangers in 1836. --Sam Matthews, Niceville, Florida (saminfl@cybertron.com)
.....The "white bean" no doubt refers to the white beans drawn in 1843 by Mier Expedition prisioners in a gruesome lottery known as the Black Bean Episode (10% of the prisoners who drew black beans were executed by order of the Mexican authorities). However, we find no record that Elias S. VanSickle was a participant in the Mier Expedition in lists published in Joseph D. McCutchan's Mier Expedition Diary (Austin, University of Texas Press, 1978) or in Joseph Milton Nance's Attack and Counter-Attack: The Trans-Mexican Frontier, 1842 (Austin, University of Texas Press, 1964). Although McCutchan's list is substantially complete, it is possible that VanSickle's name might be found in other sources or in military records at the Texas State Archives in Austin. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Thu, 15 May 1997 [Subject: Texas Culture]
Hi! I'm in the 6th grade and live in Brazil. Every year, the school makes a event involving all grades between 5th and 8th. Each class receive a state or country to research about it and we have to make a stand, a panel, display, etc. My class chose the Lone Star State, and we need your help. 1) Is Texas the biggest american state? 2) What are the typical dance and food of Texas? 3) What about Texas' culture? Thanks. --Rodrigo Rocha Gomes e Souza, Salvador, Bahia, Brazil (rod@svn.com.br)
.....Hello Rodrigo. Thanks for your email. Texas is the largest of the 48 "contiguous" states, but smaller that Alaska. Country dancing (two-step, line dancing, etc.) is popular in Texas, as well as barbecue, chili and Tex-Mex food (fajitas, enchiladas, tacos, burritos, etc.). The best way to learn more about Texas culture in general is to browse through the pages of Lone Star Junction, as well as some of the websites that the we link to from our Other Texas Websites page. We wish you the best of luck with your project. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Sat, 10 May 1997 [Subject: Grigsby's Bluff]
I am seeking any information, including the location, regarding a Confederate fort at Grigsby's Bluff on the Neches River in or near the city of Port Neches in Jefferson County. Was it on the Jefferson County side of the Neches River? I've been asked to gather information as part of a historical marker project. Thank you. --Gary Stretcher, Port Arthur, Texas (stretcher@datarecall.net)
.....There has always been a lot of confusion between Fort Grigsby and nearby Fort Griffin at Sabine Pass. Both forts were built by General Magruder's Chief Engineer, Valery Sulakowski. Acual on-site supervisor and designer was Getulius Kellersberger. He built the Port Neches site before the Sabine Pass fort in the Spring of 1863. I believe that Fort Grigsby was named for a Joseph Grigsby, a local politician in the Orange/Beaumont area. You my find help in Kellersberger's published account of his days in Texas--Erlebnisse Eines Schweizerischen Ingenuirs (Zurich: Juchl and Beck, 1896). --Gerard P. Moran, La Porte, Texas (gpmoran@tenet.edu)

Tue, 6 May 1997 [Subject: French Role in the Republic of Texas]
I am looking for information and/or web ressources on French involvement in the politics of the Republic of Texas, and more specifically, on diplomatic relations. I am also interested in facts or resources about immigration from Alsace during this period (I understand some of these immigrants settled in Medina County). Thanks for your very interesting Web site (my start page). --Jean-Marie Metzger, Geneva, Switzerland (jmetzger@ties.itu.ch)
.....I suggest The French Legation in Texas, by Nancy Nichols Barker, published by the Texas State Historical Association in 1971. --Lisa G. Kalmus, Curator of Education, Star of the Republic Museum, Washington-on-the-Brazos, Texas (starm@phoenix.net)

Mon, 5 May 1997 [Subject: Ft. Worth Explosion]
I am searching for information on an explosion that occurred in Ft. Worth in July or August of 1915. My grandfather's brother, Clarence Thomasson was fatally injured in that explosion. He and a Mr. Ernest Dutt were employees of the Pierce-Fordyce Co. and they were delivering oil to St. Joseph's Infirmary. Apparently, a 600 gallon tank of oil exploded causing both men to be hurled "30 feet into the air." I believe Mr. Dutt survived. Any other information on this incident would be greatly appreciated. --Lisa Bass (bass@orion.tstar.net)

Fri, 2 May 1997 [Subject: The Alamo Flag]
In Travis' Letter to the world during the Siege of the Alamo, he says that their "flag still waves proudly" over the garrison there. Some claim that the flag flown, if any, was the so-called 1824 flag, and that the actual banner is now on display in a Mexico City museum. Is this true? --Charles R. Barrett, Fresno, CA (CBarrM@aol.com)
.....There is a good discussion on the subject by Walter Lord in A Time to Stand: The Epic of the Alamo. Some argue that the Alamo defenders flew the Mexican tricolor with eagle replaced by 1824, but Lord contends this is unlikely since hopes for reconciliation had long been abandoned. Most likely there were a variety of flags in possession of the diverse men represented. Lord argues the blue azure of the New Orleans Greys was the flag reported taken by Col. Almonte and is in possession of the Mexican government. --Wallace L. McKeehan, Bellaire, Texas (wmckeeha@ibt.tamu.edu)
For more on Texas flags, see:
The 1824 Flag of the Texas Revolution
Historical Flags of the Republic of Texas
Flags of the Texas Revolution
The Six National Flags of Texas
The Texas State Flag

Fri, 2 May 1997 [Subject: Texas Star]
In the film "Lonestar", the old sheriff's badge unearthed near the beginning of the film has five points while the contemporary Texas sheriff badge has six. Does anyone know why? --Marie Caloz, Toronto, Ontario, Canada (natmag@toronto.cbc.ca)
.....Since the office of sheriff is a county office, rather than a state-wide one, and since there are 254 counties in Texas, there is a wide variety of designs for sheriff's badges. Some have five points and some have six--it just depends on the county. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Sun, 27 Apr 1997 [Subject: Fort McCavitt]
Am seeking information on the history of Fort McCavitt and those who lived there after the Army left in the 1870's and 1880's. --Fred O. Bell, P. O.Box 952, Edmonds, WA 98020 (stashn33@gte.net)
.....Fort McKavett was first established as a military installation in 1852 under the name of Camp San Saba. It was abandoned in 1859 and reestablished as Fort McKavett in 1868. The last troops were withdrawn on June 30, 1883, although civilians had moved into abandonded post buildings several years before that date. I do not have the names of any of the civilians who occupied the post buildings in my files but you might be able to locate them in the Menard County Historical Society's Menard History: An Anthology (San Angelo, Texas, 1982). You might also want to consult two articles: "Fort McKavett," West Texas Historical Association Yearbook, Vol. 34; and "Old Fort McKavett," Frontier Times 31:2 (1954). --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Sat, 26 Apr 1997 [Subject: Civil Frontier Units]
I am seeking information about a peace-keeping and a military Texas group during the Civil War period: the Indian Scouts with Capt. N. D. McMillen's Texas Rangers, and also the San Saba Mounted Cavalry, 31st Brigade. Would like to learn more about what actions and activities these two groups were involved with during this period. The Texas Ranger group may have had an Indian engagement around Llano or San Saba County. --A. J. Taylor, Tempe, Arizona (texaz@goodnet.com)

Thu, 24 Apr 1997 [Subject: French Fort "Le Dout"]
Looking for information on a fort or trading post established in 1713 in present day Hopkins County by Louis Juchereau de St. Denis. The fort was called "Le Dout" and was near the Caddo Indian village Nondacao. --Danny L. Teer, Yantis, Texas (qutxpin-dlt@mail.sig.net)

Sun, 20 Apr 1997 [Subject: Early Legislator]
My husband, John Keenan Muzzy, has been told by other family members that he is a direct descendant of a US Army surgeon by the name of Charles Grandison Keenan who was Speaker of the House for the Republic of Texas from 1849 to 1850. Can anyone verify this? --Linda Muzzy, Austin, Texas 78739 (muzzy@bga.com)
.....Charles Keenan (1813-1870) served as a surgeon in several Indian campaigns before coming to Texas. He is credited as being the first physician in Huntsville, Texas. For many years, he was active in the Masonic order, and achieved the rank of Junior Grand Warden of the Grand Lodge of Texas in 1850. Keenan served in the First, Second, and Third Legislatures of the State of Texas. He became speaker in the Third Legislature, and ran unsuccessfully for lieutenant governor in 1851. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Sat, 19 Apr 1997 [Subject: Illicit African Slave Trade]
I am beginning a study of the trade in slaves illegally imported into Texas from Africa to 1865, with particular reference to the importance of Cuba in that business. Any suggestions would be appreciated, especially ideas for pursuing unpublished sources. --Jerry Buttrey, Austin, Texas (Manotx@aol.com)

Tue, 15 Apr 1997 [Subject: Texas Flag]
Could you please provide the true proportions of the Texas flag so that I can paint one on the roof of my brother's barn? It's in the flight path of Houston Intercontinental Airport. --Ronny Pylant, Crosby, TX (Ronny565@aol.com)
.....Sounds like a fun project. We have added the official specifications for the Texas flag to our page about the The Texas State Flag, accessible directly from Lone Star Junction's home page. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Mon, 14 Apr 1997 [Subject: Woodruff Field]
I would like to know about Woodruff Field and where it is located. I was told it was named for Lt. Dennis Woodruff, who is buried in Fairview Cemetery in Gainesville, TX. He was reportedly the first Texas Aggie killed in World War II. --Ron Melugin, Gainesville, TX 76240 (rmelugin@nctc.cc.tx.us)

Mon, 14 Apr 1997 [Subject: Mary Hardin Baylor College]
Would appreciate any information on this college, believed to have been established in Temple, TX. Thanks. --Debbie Nordyke, Sugar Land, TX (tnor0263@flash.net)
.....Mary Hardin-Baylor College (since 1978 the University of Mary Hardin-Baylor) is in Belton, Texas, about twenty miles from Temple. It originated in 1845 as the Female Department of Baylor University at Independence, Texas, and the stone columns of the building that housed it there are still standing. It became Baylor Female College in 1866 and moved to Belton in 1886, the same year that Baylor University moved to Waco. It was renamed Mary Hardin-Baylor in 1934 to recognize a gift from John and Mary Hardin. Until it became co-ed in 1971 it was the oldest college for women west of the Mississippi. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Sat, 12 Apr 1997 [Subject: First Longhorn Drive to Colorado]
Who is credited for making the first drive of Texas cattle to the area then referred to as the Pike's Peak Region, the gold rush area of Colorado? It is known that Oliver Loving took a herd there to peddle beef to the swarming population of miners in 1860, with the help of his Palo Pinto county neighbor, John Dawson. Is there any evidence that Texas stock had been taken to Colorado prior to that date? --Randy Leonard, Evergreen, Colorado (randy2@dnvr.uswest.net)

Mon, 7 Apr 1997 [Subject: Texas Ranger Culture]
Howdy! I've been reading your site for a long time. It's very interesting and informative and it's my startsite on my browser. I take very much interest in the good old Dixieland. Here in Germany we have many Country and Western Clubs. So I'm also a member of a "Special Western Club." We are a German Texas Ranger Traditional Club, foundet 1989. Our intention is to preserve the way of life of the Texans from 1840 to 1890. Our special fields are the Texas Rangers in these time. Now we need exact dokuments about weapon, clothes and many other things of these old days. It would be very helpful if you could arrange connections to the Gouvernment or better to the Texas Rangers headquarters. I'm looking foreward to hearing from you soon. Thanx for now. --Mike Schmutzer (on behalf of Texas Rangers Regensburg), Bavaria, Germany (mschmutz@nuernberg.netsurf.de)
.....Hi Mike. We were not aware that the Rangers had such far reaching impact. We have forwarded your note to the Public Information Office at Texas Ranger headquarters in Austin. Meanwhile, we recommend that you locate a copy of Walter Prescott Webb, The Texas Rangers: A Century of Frontier Defense (reprints are available from the University of Texas Press, Austin). Originally published in 1935, this well illustrated classic is both scholarly and entertaining, and should answer most of your questions about the daily life of the early Texas Rangers. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Wed, 26 Mar 1997 [Subject: Battle of Dove Creek]
Can anyone provide me with the source of a comprehesive report of this battle which occurred near present day San Angelo in 1865. Apparently, the Confederates and Texas Militia took on a large party of Kickapoos and were rather soundly defeated. Thanks. --Joe Lee, Evant, TX 76525 (jlee@centex.net)
.....Try William C. Pool, "The Battle of Dove Creek," Southwestern Historical Quarterly 53 (April, 1950) and Arrell M. Gibson, The Kickapoos, Lords of the Middle Border (Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1963). --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Sun, 23 Mar 1997 [Subject: Texas Inventions]
My son Daniel is 10 years old and he is doing a school report on Texas. He needs to know for his report something that was invented by a Texan in Texas. Could you help us? Thank you. --Chris Schmidt, Broken Arrow, OK (CrisBA@AOL.Com)
.....If it had not been for a very profound invention in Texas in 1958, we likely would not be exchanging these emails over the internet today. The invention, by Jack Kilby of Dallas-based Texas Instruments, Inc., was the silicon-based integrated circuit (IC). The IC led to the invention in 1971 of the microprocessor, also at Texas Instruments. The rest of the story, as they say, is history. Thousands of other devices have been either invented or significantly refined in Texas. Some that come to mind immediately include the "field testing" of the "six-shooter" revolver, development of many variations of barbed wire, scores of patents for oil field equipment, and numerous lesser known inventions in agriculture, oceanography, space-flight, and other fields. Good luck with your report. We hope that you make an "A." --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)
.....Perhaps the greatest of Texas inventors as well as contributor to the Republic was Gail Borden, Jr. who established the first national Texas newspaper in 1835 (Telegraph and Texas Register). Among his inventions were a "locomotive bath house" for Galveston women who desired to discreetly bathe in the Gulf of Mexico, a terraqueous prairie schooner that would go on land and water, a dry and tasty ready-to-eat meat biscuit, concentrated fruit juices and condensed milk. --Wallace L. McKeehan, Bellaire, TX (wlmckeehan@worldnet.att.com)

Sat, 22 Mar 1997 [Subject: Alcorn Homestead]
I am looking for information on the Alcorn Place. It is suppose to be located in Brenham, Texas. I need a little history (who owned it, etc...) Any help appreciated! Thank you. --Deanna Steiner, Naples, Florida (Tiggr4ever@aol.com)
.....The homestead built on property originally owned by Elijah Alcorn, an Austin 300 settler, was recently purchased by John and Jane Barnhill of Brenham. They are restoring the property and researching the history now. The former director of Clayton Library in Houston, Maxine Alcorn, is a direct descendant of Elijah Alcorn. and visits here regularly. If you will let me know what it is you are specifically looking for, I will try to help you further. --Burney Parker, Brenham, TX (burneyparker@bluebon.net)

Wed, 12 Mar 1997 [Subject: Life in the Republic]
I am researching what life was like in the Lone Star Republic after it gained its Independence from Mexico and before it was annexed to the United States. If you could help me it would be greatly appreciated. --JT Traister, 7th Grade, Scarsdale, NY
.....Hi JT. Thanks for your email. For starters, you may want browse our Texas History Timeline for a review of the major events during the period of the Republic. Soon, we will be launching a new section of online books which will include one or two titles devoted to life in early Texas. Check back in early April. We wish you much success and enjoyment in your study of Texas history. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Mon, 10 Mar 1997 [Subject: First Texas Newspaper]
Would appreciate any information on the first newspaper in Texas, Gaceta de Texas, published in 1813 in Nacogdoches. --Onara Garcia, Texarkana, Texas (ONARA2@aol.com)

Sun, 2 Mar 1997 [Subject: 30th Texas Cavalry]
Would like to share information on the 30th Texas Cavalry, which recruited many of its members from the Central Texas area. This unit mainly saw its action in the Indian Territory (Oklahoma) and in Arkansas during the Civil War. --Michael Goodrich, Beaumont, Texas (MGoodUSMS@aol.com)

Sat, 1 Mar 1997 [Subject: Stage Routes in Central Texas; Civil War Period]
For work with a diary of my great grandfathers, I would like to contact anyone with information on stage coach routes between Brenham, La Grange, Bastrop and Austin around 1865. --Peyton O. Abbott, 8 Crownbridge Ct., Pueblo, CO 81001 719-544-8655 (abbottpo@market1.com)
.....I researched this topic pretty thoroughly about twenty years ago but unfortunately I cannot locate all of my notes on it. I do remember that the Brenham-La Grange-Austin route was operated in 1865 by a firm called Sawyer and Risher (later Risher and Hall). This same firm operated a number of stage routes in central Texas. The stage road ran more or less along the present route of US 290 from Brenham to Burton, then more or less along State 237 from Burton through Round Top to La Grange, then more or less along Highway 71 from La Grange through Smithville and Bastrop to Austin. I say "more or less" because the Washington and Fayette County Commissioner's minutes show that the road was occasionally moved to benefit some local landowner. In 1867 the route between Burton and Round Top actually ran about a mile east of present State 237, passing over the La Bahia Prairie and through the little community of Winedale. There is an excellent description of a trip from San Antonio to Alleyton in 1863 on a Sawyer and Risher stage in Walter Lord, The Freemantle Diary (Boston: Little, Brown, 1954), pp. 45-49. Feemantle says that there were nine passengers in the stage and nine on top, and that if you put your head out of the window you risked being showered by tobbaco juice from the "Southern gentry on top". I think that there is a Sawyer and Risher schedule in the 1871 Texas Almanac that describes the Brenham-Austin route, and shows that the trip was made without an overnight stop. I hope that this information will be helpful. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Tue, 25 Feb 1997 [Subject: Sul Ross and Cynthia Ann Parker]
I'm working on a PhD in English at Rice Univ. and am examining texts related to Cynthia Ann Parker. I know that Capt. Lawrence Sullivan (Sul) Ross "rescued" her Dec. 19, 1860 and according to James T. DeShields' "Cynthia Ann Parker" (1886), had a long conversation with her. I am interested in their conversation or any record of her conversations with other whites at the time. Any suggestions? Family diaries? Do you know where I could find a despatch from Capt. Ross to his superiors about this? I am also looking for a (cheap) facsimile reprint of DeShields' book. Any other references related to Cynthia would be greatly appreciated. Thanks to all. --Dorothy Fontaine, Rice Univ., Houston, TX. (fontaind@ruf.rice.edu)
.....I believe you can obtain a copy of DeShields' book from Sam Malone in San Augustine for about $10.00. His address is 114 North Harrison, San Augustine, TX 75972. --Burney Parker, Brenham, Texas (burneyparker@bluebon.net)

Tue, 25 Feb 1997 [Subject: Researching land in northwestern Blanco Co.]
We are researching our land in northwestern Blanco Co. that is part of the 640 acre Elisha Champion land grant and 177 acre Gail Borden grant. Appreciate any genealogy and general information on Elisha Champion, Benjamin Phillips Sr., John Rufus (Code) Phillips, Gail Borden, Sr., Gail Borden Jr., and John P. Borden. They all owned land in northwestern Blanco Co. around 1840-1890. --Ralph Arvesen, Rte 8, Box 185, Llano, TX 78643 (ralph@fomci.com).

Sun, 23 Feb 1997 [Subject: Origin of the Lone Star]
Why is Texas called the Lone Star State? Thank you, --Gigi Ray, 4th grade, Plano, TX
.....Hi Gigi. Thanks for your inquiry. It is the most frequently asked question at Lone Star Junction, so you are in good company. For an answer, see our History Forum entry of 20 Jun 1996. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Tue, 13 Feb 1997 [Subject: Mexican Constitution of 1824]
Does anyone know where I can find a copy of the Mexican constitution of 1824? --Mike Kreps, Cherry Hill, NJ (mkreps@bigfoot.com)
.....A copy of the Mexican Constitution of 1824 can be found in H.P.N. Gammel's "The Laws of Texas, 1822-1897", Austin, Gammel Book Co., 1898. Vol I, pp. 59-93. --Charles M. Yates (cmyates@ix.netcom.com)

Mon, 10 Feb 1997 [Subject: Burkeville, Texas]
For whom was the town of Burksville, Texas named? Thank you. --Lynda Rangeley, Corpus Christi, Tx. (rangeley@Juno.com)
.....Burkeville, population 515 in 1990, is located in Newton County. It was named after John Burke, who laid out the town plots in 1844, and later donated a tract on which a courthouse was located for a brief period. --Lyman Hardeman, (editor@lsjunction.com)

Sun, 9 Feb 1997 [Subject: Will You Come to the Bower]
At the Battle of San Jacinto the Texians are supposed to have charged into battle singing a popular ditty of the day. We learned one verse and the refrain in junior high school history class many years ago, but I have never been able to find out more about the song. Supposedly their band was a fiddle and a flute or something similar. If anyone knows the details or where I can find out about them I will be grateful. Thanks. --Dan Flanders, Anchorage, Alaska (danflan@alaska.net)
.....Frank X. Tolbert has a good account of the band and its music in The Day of San Jacinto (Austin: Pemberton Press, 1969). The music, as we all learned in grade school, was a popular Irish song called "Will You Come to the Bower." The words were actually a poem by the Irish poet Thomas Moore; they were set to a folk tune identified by Francis Sheridan, the British consul in Galveston, as "Dilley, Dilley Duckling and Be Killed." Tolbert says that the band consisted of four men: a black drummer from New Orleans remembered only as Dick and three fifers named John Beebe, Luke Bust, and Frederick Lemsky. Tolbert suggests that either Lemsky or Mirabeau Lamar, who was a poet and an admirer of Thomas Moore, chose the tune. Other writers have speculated that it was the only song that all four musicians knew. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Thu, 6 Feb 1997 [Subject: 10th Texas Infantry]
I am searching for a roster of the 10th Texas Infantry, CSA. Can anyone help? Thanks. --Joe Lee, HCR 62, Box 14, Evant, TX 76525 (jlee@centex.net)
.....As far as I have been able to ascertain there is no compiled roster for the 10th (Nelsons/Mills) Texas Infantry regiment. This regiment formed part of the 4th Brigade of Walkers' Texas Division and saw most of its service in Arkansas and Louisiana. The nearest you will be able to find is the compiled service records for members of the 10th in National Archives Record Group M323, Rolls 337 to 343 inclusive. Hope this helps. --Gary White, Houston, TX (gankintx@flash.net)

Thu, 6 Feb 1997 [Subject: Sam Houston's Wound]
Please settle a major dispute between two students that I work with after school. Where was Houston wounded? Was it in the ankle or the knee cap? Thank you for your assistance. --Bruce Tabor, Burnet, TX (stabor@orion.tstar.net)
.....Hi Bruce. Thanks for your email. We assume you are referring to Houston's wound to the Battle of San Jacinto (he was almost mortally wounded in the War of 1812). At San Jacinto, Houston received a severe wound just above his right ankle (well below the knee). --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Wed, 29 Jan 1997 [Subject: The Battle of Velasco]
I'd like to know more about the Battle of Velasco, as I had an ancestor, Sylvester Bowen, who died there. I'm stuck in California where Texas history books are not plentiful, so I'd appreciate recommendations for a reference that might be obtained through inter-library loan. --Linne Gravestock, 2220 Marshall Way, Sacramento, CA 95818-3546 (linne@quiknet.com)
.....Hi, Linne. We've added a brief article about the Battle of Velasco in our Events of Early Texas section. Perhaps someone will be able to suggest a good reference that contains more detail. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Mon, 27 Jan 1997 [Subject: Governor Data]
I work at the Panhandle-Plains Historical Museum and am in the process of entering data on some Governors of Texas. I have a list of only 42, these being the governors we have historical object related to. I do not have information on the Governors themselves. Dates and places of birth and death, full names ... general information. Is there a publication, internet site, something quick that would list all these governors and the general information? --Karen Anderson, Panhandle Plains Historical Museum (Karen.Anderson@wtamu.wtamu.edu)
.....Complete lists of Texas governors and the dates of their terms of office can be found in the "State Government" section of The Texas Almanac and in the article entitled "Governor" in the New Handbook of Texas. Biographical data can be found in separate articles under their names in the New Handbook. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Mon, 20 Jan 1997 [Subject: Boardwalk on Lake Wichita]
Growing up in Wichita Falls, I remember my grandparents telling me about a place on Lake Wichita that had a "boardwalk" and pavillion where gatherings and music concerts were held, but later burned down. Can anyone suggest where I might find more information about these? Thanks. --Baine Morrow, Bryan, Texas (dbmhouse@myriad.net)
.....I'd suggest that you direct an inquiry to the Wichita Falls Museum and Art Center, Two Eureka Circle, Wichita Falls, Texas 76308. They have a good local history collection and could probably tell you what you want to know--they might even have a photo of the boardwalk. --Lonn Taylor (taylorl@nmah.si.edu)

Mon, 20 Jan 1997 [Subject: Danes in the Republic]
I am currently working on a textbook, in Danish, on the Texas War of Independence and would be grateful if anybody could help me dig up information on Danish settlers in Texas 1825-1848. Information on Danish participants in the Mexican War is of equal interest to me. --John Christensen, Avenue A. Ryckmans 11, B-1180 Brussels, Belgium, Europe (John.Christensen@CES-CdR.BE)

Sat, 18 Jan 97 [Subject: Republic of Texas Newspapers]
I am a native Texan, stuck in frozen Ohio for grad studies in journalism. My thesis will concern the early Texas frontier press, as well as the press of the Republic of Texas proper. Of particular interest would be information concerning the "Texas Telegraph and Register." Is it possible to access copies of the original publications? Thanks! --Taylor Wells, Athens, Ohio (texas@eurekanet.com)
.....Originals of newspapers from that era are somewhat difficult to access. However, microfilm copies are available at major Texas libraries, including libraries at Texas A&M University and the University of Texas. A good source for your research is Marilyn McAdams Sibley's Lone Stars and State Gazettes: Texas Newspapers before the Civil War (Texas A&M University Press, College Station, 1983). The book includes an extensive bibliography, and Chapter 5 is devoted to the Telegraph and Texas Register. --Lyman Hardeman (editor@lsjunction.com)

Sun, 12 Jan 1997 [Subject: Texas 7th Infantry]
I am trying to locate a roster of the Texas 7th Infantry (Confederacy) and possibly any history on that unit. Will appreciate any help. --Joe Lee, HCR 62, Box 14, Evant, TX 76525 (jlee@centex.net)

Thu, 9 Jan 1997 [Subject: Texas Navy]
I'm looking for information about the Texas Navy, its ships, battles, and the role it played in the Texas Revolution. Any information would be helpful. --Martin Hill, San Diego, CA (m_hill@ix.netcom.com)
.....I recommend The Texas Navy by Jim Dan Hill, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 1897 and reprinted by State House Press in 1987. It will give the reader almost everything you'd ever want to know on the aspects of the Texas Navy. --Gary White, Houston, TX (gankintx@flash.net)

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